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Flash memories are a type of non volatile devices that can be electrically erased and re-programmed. It is one specific type of electrically erasable programmable read only memory (EEPROM). It is used for general purpose storage and transfer of data between computers and other digital products.
Since flash memory is non-volatile, no power is needed to store the information in the chip. In addition it offers fast read access times and better kinetic shock resistance than hard drives. It is also extremely durable, able to withstand intense pressure, extreme of temperature and also immersion in water to some extent which makes it to be used in portable devices and also in memory cards.
Flash memory costs far less than byte-programmable EEPROM and therefore has become the dominant technology wherever a significant amount of non-volatile, solid-state storage is needed. Some of the applications include PDAs (personal digital assistants), laptops, digital audio player, digital cameras and mobile phones.